Ovarian Cancer Symptoms and Treatment

May 15, 2013 at 10:05 am

Ovarian cancer happens in women specifically after age 45, in the form of tumors that develop in one or both ovaries. In many of the cases, it comes from the outer lining of the ovary called epithelium and often from the egg cells (germ cell tumor). Ovaries are a set of small organs which are section of the female the reproductive system. They release ova or eggs as well as produce important hormones like estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is cancerous, i.e. it may spread to other tissues and organs. As a result of process called metastasis, these types of tumors intrude the neighboring organs or lymph nodes, or may possibly enter the blood stream and spreads along with other body organs. Following are some of the signs and treatments for ovarian cancer.

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms

Many a time, the signs of ovarian cancer can go undetected or they could not be understood as the signs of ovarian cancer. The most typical symptoms include swelling in the stomach, indigestion, difficulties with bowel movements, gas, unexplained weight reduction or putting on weight, fatigue and pain while having sex. The only sign, which hints to trouble with reproductive system and ovarian cancer, is pain while having sex. Nevertheless, this sign may also go unseen, as pain during intercourse may also be caused, if the woman isn’t aroused or lubricated adequately during the act.

Treatment for Ovarian Cancer

  • Surgery

Surgery involves elimination of one or both the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. If the affected person desires to get pregnant later on, then only the affected ovary and fallopian tube are taken out, but this is possible only when the cancer is in its very initial phases.

  • Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is administration of the anti-cancer drugs, in order to kill the leftover cancer cells following the surgery. Sometimes surgery is done after chemotherapy. Generally, several drugs are involved with chemotherapy. This medicine is given through veins, mouth or intravenous medications together with direct supply to the stomach. This administration of medication is completed in intervals. Treatment time period is succeeded by a resting period and vice versa.

  • Radiation Therapy

Pointing high energy rays to the impacted part, as a way to kill the cancer cells, is known as radiation therapy. It is important in the early stages of ovarian cancer. If the cancer has pass on along with other organs, then radiotherapy isn’t recommended, as it can cause damage to them. Therefore, radiation therapy is rarely accustomed to treat advance stages of ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer, at its early stages is simple to treat and cure. Once spread, it may cause problems. That’s why, it is crucial to refer to a gynecologist, right after the symptoms appear.

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Entry filed under: Cancer.

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